Highlights Core Theme 5: RES in Transport

CT5 - 3rd Plenary Meeting in Warsaw

Headline 1: Progress on ILUC Implementation and 2020 Renewable Energy Target

CT5 participants discussed the implementation of the ILUC Directive and progress towards the 2020 target of 10% renewable energy in transport, with the Commission providing an update on recent policy developments and two Member States setting out their respective implementation of the Directive in order to discuss similarities and highlight common challenges. Based on the CT5 survey results, participants also discussed additional measures that some Member States are envisaging to meet the 2020 targets, with two Member States also presenting on their policies that have helped them to already overachieve the 2020 target.

Headline 2: Alternative Perspectives on Addressing Indirect Land Use Change

In the second session, the discussions turned to the topic of alternative policy measures that are available to Member States to address indirect land-use change (ILUC) risks from biofuels (i.e. in addition to the 7% crop cap contained in the ILUC Directive). This includes measures to promote waste-based biofuels such as double rewards, tax incentives, advanced biofuels targets, industry development support or reporting requirements. Germany also provided an overview of how it uses a greenhouse gas-based scheme to address ILUC. In conclusion, CT5 participants discussed policies and specific measures to address ILUC risks, including the benefits, key challenges and risks when setting out such policies.

Headline 3: Methodologies for “New Fuels” and Ensuring Sustainability of Biofuels

The third session of CT5 was dedicated to the issue of renewable fuels of non-biological origin and recycled carbon fuels as well as fraud risks and prevention in relation to used cooking oil. The session included a presentation on the methodological options and challenges to calculate the greenhouse gas emissions of “new fuels” such as renewable fuels of non-biological origin (RFNBOs) and recycled carbon fuels. While RFNBOs are already supported in some Member States, a harmonised EU-wide methodology is still missing. In relation to recycled carbon fuels, policies and methodologies are still at an earlier stage of development. Furthermore, the session included a presentation on how a voluntary scheme like the ISCC (International Sustainability and Carbon Certification) can be used to prevent fraud regarding waste feedstocks, such as used cooking oil (UCO).


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