The RES Directive 2009/28/EC established a common framework for the promotion of renewable energy sources in the European Union, setting mandatory national targets for achieving a 20% share of renewable energy in the gross final energy consumption and a 10% share of energy from renewable sources in transport by 2020.

The Concerted Action on the renewable energy directive is an instrument of the Horizon2020 Programme, which supports the transposition and implementation of the RES Directive.